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Article
December 1912

THE SCAPHOID SCAPULA: A NORMAL VARIATION IN MAN

Author Affiliations

BERKELEY, CALIF.

Arch Intern Med (Chic). 1912;X(6):589-596. doi:10.1001/archinte.1912.00060240071006
Abstract

Dr. Graves1 has recently called attention to a type of scapula which he designates as ``scaphoid.'' The character of the vertebral border determines whether a scapula is scaphoid or not. Our best known anatomical text-books2 describe the vertebral border as ``arched,'' ``of curved or somewhat irregular outline'' and ``nearly vertical from the lower angle to the triangular smooth place on the dorsum opposite the spine.'' Morris3 does not mention the curve of the vertebral border, but agrees with the other authors in figuring the bone with a vertebral border gently curved toward the spinal column. Thomas Dwight,4 in speaking of the variations of the vertebral border, states:

The most common form of the scapula presents a line slightly curved at the lower part and then straight as far as the root of the spine, from which point it inclines slightly forward till it ends at

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