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December NaN, 2005

History Forgotten Is History RelivedNosocomial Infection Control Is Also Essential in the Outpatient Setting

Arch Intern Med. 2005;165(22):2565-2567. doi:10.1001/archinte.165.22.2565

Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.

George Santayana (1863-1952), The Life of Reason

One of the most important technologic advances in the history of medicine was the discovery in the last century that intravenous (IV) cannulation allows access to the bloodstream for administration of life-saving fluids, blood products, and drugs. In recent years, long-term vascular access with cuffed and tunneled Hickman-like central venous catheters (CVCs), subcutaneous central venous ports, and peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICCs) has been sufficiently refined to permit stable access for months or even indefinitely for hemodialysis, parenteral nutrition, or cytotoxic cancer chemotherapy.

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