There has been a dramatic increase in the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in developed countries during the last 50 years. In the United States, the prevalence of diabetes has increased from 0.9% in 1958 to 4.4% in 20001 and is projected to reach 7.2% by 2050.2 Diabetes causes substantial morbidity, disability, and mortality1 and is a major contributor to increased health care costs. In 2007, medical expenses related to diabetes totaled an astronomical $116 billion in the United States.3 We are therefore in great need of interventions to reduce the incidence of this disease.
Katz MH. Quality of Residential NeighborhoodA Modifiable Risk Factor for Type 2 Diabetes?. Arch Intern Med. 2009;169(18):1653-1654. doi:10.1001/archinternmed.2009.319