This Viewpoint reviews the importance of physical inspection on, or shortly after, initial contact with a patient.
This Viewpoint explains the Hospital Elder Life Program (HELP), which enhances mobility for elderly patients while decreasing the risk of falls in the hospital setting, and how implementing programs like HELP can have several potentially beneficial effects.
This noninferiority randomized trial assesses the efficacy of interactive voice response–based cognitive behavioral therapy compared with in-person cognitive behavioral therapy for chronic back pain.
This randomized clinical trial assesses whether antiviral therapy is safe and effective for preventing cytomegalovirus reactivation in a general population of critically ill patients.
This meta-analysis examines the association between recurrent Clostridium difficile infection and use of gastric acid suppressant medications.
This meta-analysis compares intensive blood pressure control (<130/80 mm Hg) with standard blood pressure control (<140/90 mm Hg) on major renal outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease without diabetes.
This study analyzes cost-effectiveness strategies for the initial diagnostic evaluation of patients with asymptomatic microscopic hematuria.
This study assesses changes in computed tomography radiation doses across 5 University of California medical centers after implementation of institutional-level audit and collaborative efforts to share best practices.
This study determines attitudes and beliefs of patients and health care professionals on patients’ willingness to provide information on sexual orientation in the emergency department setting.
This cross-sectional study measure rates of low-value and high-value care received by patients without insurance or with Medicaid compared with privately insured patients, and provided by safety-net vs non–safety-net physicians.
This study of a nationally representative sample of primary care visits assesses the association of hospital location and hospital ownership with the provision of low-value health services.
This quasi-experimental longitudinal study quantifies the influence of a large-scale communication training program on nursing home antipsychotic use.
This cohort study examines the association of donor age and sex with survival of patients receiving transfusions in Sweden and Denmark.
This longitudinal study assessed whether US hospital participation in voluntary value-based reforms was associated with improvement under Medicare’s Hospital Readmission Reduction Program.
This case report of a woman in her 80s is a reminder that fresh frozen plasma transfusions in certain patients with nonurgent conditions can lead to transfusion-associated circulatory overload.
This case report of a woman in her 80s examines harm caused by not considering the entire context and individual circumstances for this patient, resulting in polypharmacy and multiple hospitalizations.
This study used a survey to investigate physician recommendations for breast cancer screening in light of recent guideline changes.
This analysis uses data from the Department of Health and Human Services to examine what type of hospitals face a higher risk of data breaches.
This study describes the experience and virologic outcomes in a cohort of hepatitis C virus–infected homeless and marginally housed adults who were provided access to community-based treatment programs.
This data analysis compares available outcome, patient experience, and behavioral health measures between Veterans Affairs and non–Veterans Affairs hospitals.
This population-based cohort study examines the risk of fetal cardiac malformations associated with maternal β-blocker exposure.
This study examines the proportion of current patients with acute coronary syndrome in the American College of Cardiology practice innovation and clinical excellence ambulatory cardiology practice registry that would have qualified for the IMPROVE-IT trial, and how their characteristics compared with trial participants.