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April 2017 - January 1908

Decade

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Issue

May 2017, Vol 177, No. 5, Pages 605-747

In This Issue of JAMA Internal Medicine

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):605-607. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.6144
Viewpoint

Over-the-Counter Hearing AidsThe Path Forward

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):609-610. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0464

The costs of untreated hearing loss are both mundane and life-threatening, and increasing access to innovative, low-cost hearing technologies must be part of the policy response to the untreated hearing loss now experienced by millions of Americans.

Addressing the Opioid Epidemic in the United StatesLessons From the Department of Veterans Affairs

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):611-612. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0147

This Viewpoint examines the strategies used by the US Department of Veterans Affairs to reduce the risks associated with opioid therapy among US veterans.

Health Care Policy and Law

Improving Public Health by Making Cities Friendly to Walking and BikingSafer, More Active Transportation Starts With the Street

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):613-614. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0343

This Viewpoint reports that many cities have found that investments in active streets are investments in public health.

Editorial

Celiac Disease and Nonceliac Gluten or Wheat SensitivityThe Risks and Benefits of Diagnosis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):615-616. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0695

This Editorial evaluates population screening for celiac disease in light of the most recent USPSTF recommendation statement.

Original Investigation

Effect of Magnesium Oxide Supplementation on Nocturnal Leg CrampsA Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):617-623. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.9261

This randomized clinical trial assesses whether magnesium oxide supplementation is better than placebo for reducing the frequency of nocturnal leg cramps.

Effect of Reminder Devices on Medication AdherenceThe REMIND Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):624-631. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.9627

This randomized clinical trial reports the effects of medication reminder devices on patients’ adherence to their drug therapy.

Thiazolidinediones and Advanced Liver Fibrosis in Nonalcoholic SteatohepatitisA Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):633-640. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.9607

This meta-analysis synthesizes the evidence about the association of thiazolidinedione therapy with advanced liver fibrosis in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis.

Implementation and Evaluation of a Large-Scale Teleretinal Diabetic Retinopathy Screening Program in the Los Angeles County Department of Health Services

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):642-649. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0204

This pretest-posttest evaluation examines whether a primary care–based teleretinal diabetic retinopathy screening program reduces wait times and improves timeliness of needed care in Los Angeles.

Comparison of Male vs Female Resident Milestone Evaluations by Faculty During Emergency Medicine Residency Training

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):651-657. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.9616

This study compared faculty evaluation of male vs female emergency medicine resident milestone attainment throughout residency training.

Racial Disparities in Medical Student Membership in the Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Society

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):659-665. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.9623

This study examines the association between medical student race/ethnicity and induction into the Alpha Omega Alpha honor society.

Association of a Community Campaign for Better Beverage Choices With Beverage Purchases From Supermarkets

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):666-674. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.9650

This observational experiment uses scanner data to compare beverage sales in Howard County, Maryland, and control stores before and during a 3-year community campaign to decrease consumption of sugary beverages.

Health Care Policy and Law

Variation in Physician Spending and Association With Patient Outcomes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):675-682. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0059

This retrospective data analysis investigates variation in spending across physicians and its association with patient outcomes.

Association of Suicidality and Depression With 5α-Reductase Inhibitors

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):683-691. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0089

This study examines the association of suicide, self-harm, and depression with 5α-reductase inhibitors for the treatment of prostatic enlargement among older men.

Health Care Policy and Law

Patient Mortality During Unannounced Accreditation Surveys at US Hospitals

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):693-700. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.9685

This study compares the mortality at hospitals during the time of accreditation review by The Joint Commission vs times when the hospitals are not under review.

Less Is More

Quality of Cancer Surveillance Clinical Practice GuidelinesSpecificity and Consistency of Recommendations

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):701-709. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0079

This retrospective cross-sectional analysis examines the specificity and consistency of recommendations for surveillance after active treatment across cancer guidelines.

Health Care Policy and Law

Rates and Characteristics of Paid Malpractice Claims Among US Physicians by Specialty, 1992-2014

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):710-718. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0311

This database study uses information from the National Practitioner Data Bank to characterize paid malpractice claims by medical specialty.

Invited Commentary

In Search of a “Magic Pill” for Medication Nonadherence

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):631-632. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.9658

The Role of Pioglitazone in the Management of Nonalcoholic SteatohepatitisAre We There Yet?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):640-641. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.9669

Seeing the Effect of Health Care Delivery Innovation in the Safety Net

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):649-650. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0220

Implicit Bias in Academic Medicine#WhatADoctorLooksLike

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):657-658. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.9643

The Risk of Suicidality and Depression From 5-α Reductase Inhibitors

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):691-692. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0096

A Transgender Military Internist’s Perspective on Readiness for Treating Patients With Gender Dysphoria

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):729-730. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0140
Editor's Note

Decreasing the Sale of Sugary BeveragesHow Sweet It Is

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):674. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.9678

Health Care Policy and Law

Physician Spending and Patient Outcomes

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):682. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0068

FDA Drug Trials Snapshots—A Clearer Picture

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):727. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0037
Teachable Moment

Staging CT Scans in Early-Stage Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):719-720. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0348

This case report examines the diagnosis and staging of a man in his 60s with chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

Research Letter

Representation of Women Among Academic Grand Rounds Speakers

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):722-724. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.9646

This survey study finds that grand rounds audiences are not typically exposed to presenter lineups resembling their demographic gender profiles.

Review of the Drug Trials Snapshots Program of the US Food and Drug AdministrationWomen in Cardiovascular Drug Trials

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):724-727. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0033

This review of FDA’s Drug Trials Snapshots Program evaluates the sex-specific findings reported as part of the approval process for all cardiovascular drugs that the FDA approved in 2015.

Health Care Policy and Law

Military Family Physicians' Readiness for Treating Patients With Gender Dysphoria

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):727-729. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0136

This study assesses military physicians’ readiness to treat patients with gender dysphoria.

Household Food Insecurity and Ideal Cardiovascular Health Factors in US Adults

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):730-732. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0239

This study examines the associations between household food insecurity and ideal cardiovascular health metrics in a national sample of US men and women.

Health and Functional Status of Adults Aged 90 Years in the United States

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):732-734. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0242

This study examines the cognitive function and mental and physical health of 1889 patients aged 90 years who participated in the Cardiovascular Health Study.

Medicaid Expenditures and Estimated Rebates for Epinephrine Autoinjectors, 2012 to 2016

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):734-736. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0257

This study uses publicly available data to estimate the amount of money that Medicaid lost due to the misclassification of brand-name epinephrine autoinjectors as generic products.

Out-of-Pocket Spending Among Commercially Insured Patients for Epinephrine Autoinjectors Between 2007 and 2014

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):736-739. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0252

This study uses data from the Truven MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounters database to track out-of-pocket spending among comercially insured patients for epinephrine autoinjectors between 2007 and 2014.

Comment & Response

Estimates of Cancer Deaths Prevented by Raising Cigarette Taxes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):739. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0327

Gene Sequencing and Cases of Chronic Lyme Disease

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):739. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0330

Gene Sequencing and Cases of Chronic Lyme Disease—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):739-740. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0354

Limitations of Study on Symptom Checkers

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):740-741. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0333

Limitations of Study on Symptom Checkers—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):741. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0351

Dabigatran Compared With Rivaroxaban vs Warfarin

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):741-742. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0554

Dabigatran Compared With Rivaroxaban vs Warfarin

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):742-743. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0561

Dabigatran Compared With Rivaroxaban vs Warfarin

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):742. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0564

Dabigatran Compared With Rivaroxaban vs Warfarin—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):743-744. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0567

Dabigatran Compared With Rivaroxaban vs Warfarin—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):744. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0571

Implications and Interpretations of Differences in Age-Adjusted Testosterone Levels

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):744. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0574

Implications and Interpretations of Differences in Age-Adjusted Testosterone Levels—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):744. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0577

Hypertriglyceridemia and Pancreatitis—New Evidence That Less Is More

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):744-745. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0602

Hypertriglyceridemia and Pancreatitis—New Evidence That Less Is More—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):745-746. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0616

Enhanced Education for Noninvasive Cardiac Testing

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):746. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0768

Enhanced Education for Noninvasive Cardiac Testing—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):746-747. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0771
Correction

Error in Figure Labels

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):747. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0967

Missing Additional Contributions Section

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):747. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.1262
JAMA Internal Medicine Masthead

JAMA Internal Medicine

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(5):608. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.6145
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