To quantify the prevalence of avoidable imaging in emergency department (ED) patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE), Venkatesh and coauthors performed an analysis of prospective, multicenter observational study of ED patients evaluated for PE between 2004 and 2007 at 11 US EDs.
Ionescu-Ittu and coauthors used population-based administrative databases to select patients 66 years or older hospitalized with a diagnosis of atrial fibrillation (AF) who did not have AF-related drug prescriptions in the year before the admission but received a prescription within 7 days of discharge. Patients were followed until death or administrative censoring.
Idris and colleagues explore association between thiazolidinedione treatment and the risk of macular edema in patients with type 2 diabetes. In the subsequent invited commentary, Segal and Singh expand on these ideas.
Wang et al reevaluate cranberry-containing products for the prevention of urinary tract infection and examine the factors influencing their effectiveness.
To present data supporting the recommendation that imaging for low back pain within the first 6 weeks should not be performed unless red flags are present, Srinivas and colleagues reviewed the recent literature on the benefits and risks of routine imaging in low back pain.
Smith-Bindman summarizes the key findings of the Institute of Medicine’s report on breast cancer and the environment and discusses radiation exposure from medical imaging. In a related Editorial, Grady provides a commentary.