Kung and coauthors systematically examined adherence to the Institute of Medicine standards by guidelines archived on the National Guideline Clearinghouse website. Please also see the Invited Commentary.
Hurt et al evaluated the effect of laws eliminating smoking from the workplace on the incidence of myocardial infarction (MI) and sudden cardiac death. In an invited commentary, Kalkhoran and Ling discuss the potential benefits of extending clean indoor air policies.
To evaluate the association between adolescent BMI and the risk for all-cause, diabetic, and nondiabetic ESRD, Vivante et al linked medical data on 1 194 704 adolescents aged 17 years who were examined for military service fitness between 1967 and 1997 to the Israeli ESRD registry. Incident cases of treated ESRD between 1980 and 2010 were included. See the invited commentary by Johansen and the editor’s note by Covinsky.
Jenkins and coauthors undertook a study of low glycemic index foods in type 2 diabetes mellitus with a focus on legumes in the intervention. Please also see the Invited Commentary on the article.
Stereotype threat can affect patient-provider race-discordant communication adversely. Havranek et al tested a values-affirmation exercise to ameliorate the effects of stereotype threat. See invited commentary by Cooper and Barnes.
Regan and coauthors conducted an observational study of adult cigarette smokers visited by a tobacco counselor while hospitalized to assess smoking during the hospital stay. See the invited commentary by Schroeder.