Gershon et al assess the association of long-acting β-agonists and anticholinergics for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with the risk of hospitalizations and emergency department visits for cardiovascular events. An Article by Woodruff follows.
Chen and coauthors describe the association between inpatient cardiac arrest incidence and survival rates.
To examine the relationship between patient preferences for participation in medical decision making and health care utilization among hospitalized patients, Tak et al administered a survey to all patients admitted to the University of Chicago Medical Center general internal medicine service between 2003 and 2011. See the Article by Lipkin.
Wachterman et al compare the perceptions of hemodialysis patients and their nephrologists concerning prognosis and likelihood of transplant. They examine survival and explore the relationship between patients’ expectations and their goals of care. See also the Article by Lipkin.
Fowler et al surveyed how patients 40 years and older describe the decision-making process for 10 common medical decisions, including 6 that are most often made in primary care. See the Invited Commentary by Lipkin.
Stender and coauthors test the hypothesis that a lifelong increase in plasma bilirubin levels is a causal risk factor for symptomatic gallstone disease. Katz provides an Editor’s Note on bilirubin, gallstones, and mendelian randomization.
Orlich et al evaluate the relationship between vegetarian diets and mortality in an analytic sample of 73 308 participants in the Adventist Health Study 2. See also the invited commentary by Baron.
Smith and colleagues propose a technique for resolving conflicts between patients’ previously expressed wishes and their best interests.