Excess sodium consumption is an important cause of hypertension. Center for Science in the Public Interest staff have monitored sodium levels in selected processed foods and fast-food restaurant foods for many years. Jacobson et al compare the levels of sodium for identical products ascertained in 2005, 2008, and 2011. See the Article by Katz.
Urban et al analyze the energy content of foods from independent and small-chain restaurants that do not provide stated information on energy content. See also the editorial comment by Katz.
To evaluate the association between hypoglycemia and dementia, Yaffe et al studied 783 older adults with diabetes mellitus who were participating in the prospective population-based Health ABC Study beginning in 1997. Dementia diagnosis and hypoglycemic events were determined during the follow-up period. See the Invited Commentary by Lipska and Montori.
Mansi et al evaluate the association of statin use with musculoskeletal conditions in 46 249 beneficiaries of a military health care system.
Richman et al examined postdiagnostic fat intake in relation to lethal prostate cancer and all-cause mortality. See also the Article by Freedland.
Pan et al evaluated the association between changes in red meat consumption during a 4-year period and subsequent 4-year risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in US adults. See the invited commentary by Evans.
Hall et al examine disparities in treatment between groups of persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection by sex, age, race/ethnicity, and transmission category at essential steps in the continuum of care. See also the invited commentary by Christopoulos and Havlir.
Landman et al evaluate the effect of biofeedback with device-guided lowering of breathing frequency on blood pressure in patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus, using a double-blind, sham-controlled design.
McCrum et al determine whether mortality rates for publicly reported medical conditions are correlated with hospitals’ overall performance on mortality. See the Article by Smith and Shannon.
To determine epidemiological and clinical characteristics of community-associated Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) and to explore potential sources of C difficile acquisition in the community, Chitnis et al performed an active population-based and laboratory-based CDI surveillance in 8 US states. See the Invited Commentary by Sepkowitz.
Using data from large clinical trials of previous years, Kox and Pickkers exemplify that less intensive treatment is associated with a better outcome in intensive care patients and suggest that we should reappraise both patient management as well as trial design in intensive care medicine while bearing in mind the “less is more” paradigm.