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October 2016 - January 1908

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Issue

April 22, 2013, Vol 173, No. 8, Pages 608-714

In This Issue of JAMA Internal Medicine

In This Issue of JAMA Internal Medicine

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):609-609. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.45
Viewpoint

Surrogate Outcomes in Clinical TrialsA Cautionary Tale

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):611-612. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.3037
Original Investigation

HIV Infection and the Risk of Acute Myocardial Infarction

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):614-622. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.3728

To investigate whether HIV is associated with an increased risk of acute myocardial infarction, Freiberg and coworkers enrolled participants from the Veterans Aging Cohort Study Virtual Cohort, a sample of HIV-positive and uninfected veterans in care matched for age, sex, race/ethnicity, and clinical site. See the invited commentary by Mallon.

Association of Self-reported Hospital Discharge Handoffs With 30-Day Readmissions

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):624-629. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.3746

Oduyebo and coauthors determined the frequency with which inpatient providers report communicating directly with outpatient providers and whether direct communication was associated with 30-day readmissions. Also see the Invited Commentary by Marks.

Potentially Avoidable 30-Day Hospital Readmissions in Medical PatientsDerivation and Validation of a Prediction Model

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):632-638. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.3023

Donzé et al evaluated 30-day hospital readmissions during a 1-year period to identify predictors and develop a model to predict potentially avoidable readmissions. An invited commentary by Marks follows.

Dietary and Supplemental Calcium Intake and Cardiovascular Disease MortalityThe National Institutes of Health–AARP Diet and Health Study

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):639-646. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.3283

Xiao and coauthors investigate whether intake of dietary and supplemental calcium is associated with mortality from total cardiovascular disease, heart disease, and cerebrovascular diseases. See invited commentary by Larsson.

Effect of the 2011 vs 2003 Duty Hour Regulation–Compliant Models on Sleep Duration, Trainee Education, and Continuity of Patient Care Among Internal Medicine House StaffA Randomized Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):649-655. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.2973

To determine the effects of the 2011 vs 2003 ACGME duty hour regulations concerning sleep duration, trainee education, continuity of care, and perceived quality of care among 43 internal medicine trainees, Desai et al used a 3-month crossover study design and random assignment of 4 medical house staff teams. Wristwatch actigraphy and satisfaction surveys were used. See invited commentary by Goitein and Ludmerer and letter to the editor by Spellberg et al.

Effects of the 2011 Duty Hour Reforms on Interns and Their PatientsA Prospective Longitudinal Cohort Study

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):657-662. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.351

Sen and coauthors conducted a longitudinal cohort study of interns in 1 of 51 residency programs at 14 university and community-based GME institutions or graduating from 1 of 4 medical schools, comparing duty hours, hours of sleep, depressive symptoms, well-being, and medical errors before and after the implementation of the 2011 duty-hour requirements.

Bias in Associations of Emerging Biomarkers With Cardiovascular Disease

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):664-671. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.3018

Tzoulaki and coworkers gathered meta-analyses of cardiovascular biomarkers and evaluated whether large studies had significantly more conservative results than smaller studies and whether there were too many studies with statistically significant results compared with what would be expected. See the invited commentary by Nissen and the viewpoint by Svensson et al.

Prolonged Antibiotic Treatment in Long-term CareRole of the Prescriber

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):673-682. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.3029

Daneman and coworkers sought to describe the variability in the duration of antibiotic treatment courses in long-term care across resident recipients and prescribing physicians and to determine whether this variability is influenced by prescriber preference. See invited commentary by Hughes and Tunney.

Management Practices and the Quality of Care in Cardiac Units

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):684-692. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.3577

McConnell et al offer evidence on the effectiveness of manufacturing approaches to improve quality of care in hospitals by defining management dimensions and measuring them in a sample of cardiac care hospital units. An invited commentary by Armstrong et al follows.

Invited Commentary

Getting to the Heart of HIV and Myocardial InfarctionComment on “HIV Infection and the Risk of Acute Myocardial Infarction”

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):622-623. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.264

Complexity Science and the Readmission DilemmaComment on “Potentially Avoidable 30-Day Hospital Readmissions in Medical Patients” and “Association of Self-reported Hospital Discharge Handoffs With 30-Day Readmissions”

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):629-631. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.4065

Are Calcium Supplements Harmful to Cardiovascular Disease?Comment on “ Dietary and Supplemental Calcium Intake and Cardiovascular Diseases Mortality: The National Institutes of Health–AARP Diet and Health Study”

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):647-648. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.3769

Resident Workload—Let's Treat the Disease, Not Just the SymptomComment on “Effect of the 2011 vs 2003 Duty Hour Regulation–Compliant Models on Sleep Duration, Trainee Education, and Continuity of Patient Care Among Internal Medicine House Staff”

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):655-656. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.740

Biomarkers in Cardiovascular MedicineThe Shame of Publication Bias
Comment on “Bias in Associations of Emerging Biomarkers With Cardiovascular Disease”

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):671-672. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.4074

Improving Prescribing of Antibiotics in Long-term CareComment on “Prolonged Antibiotic Treatment in Long-term Care”

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):682-683. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.4077

To Meet Health Care's Triple Aim, Lean Management Must Be Applied Across the Value StreamComment on “Management Practices and the Quality of Care in Cardiac Units”

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):692-694. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.4080

Computers and the Diagnosis of PneumoniaComment on“Performance and Utilization of an Emergency Department Electronic Screening Tool for Pneumonia”

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):701-702. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.4083
Correction
Special Article

Interventions to Decrease Hospital ReadmissionsKeys for Cost-effectiveness

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):695-698. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.171

Burke and Coleman use relevant literature and experience to identify 5 creative strategies to reduce 30-day readmission rates for certain diagnoses. An invited commentary by Marks follows.

Research Letters

Performance and Utilization of an Emergency Department Electronic Screening Tool for Pneumonia

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):699-701. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.3299

Information Overload and Missed Test Results in Electronic Health Record–Based Settings

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):702-704. doi:10.1001/2013.jamainternmed.61

Trends in On-label and Off-label Modafinil Use in a Nationally Representative Sample

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):704-706. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.2807

Tuning Fork Testing in Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):706-707. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.2813

Change in Intern Calls at Night After a Work Hour Restriction Process Change

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):707-709. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.2968
Editor's Correspondence

Burnout Exists: Cut the Fuel and Use the Fire Hose

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):709-710. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.3277

Declining Proportion of Physician-Owned Practices Possibly Related to Increasing Burnout

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):710-710. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.3290

Physician Burnout: An Urgent Call for Early Intervention

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):710-711. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.3296

Physician Burnout: An Urgent Call for Early Intervention—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):710-711. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.3791

Clinical and Ethical Aspects of Placebos in Clinical Practice

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):711-712. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.3757

Clinical and Ethical Aspects of Placebos in Clinical Practice—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):711-712. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.90

Acupuncture's Elephant in the Room

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):712-713. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.3743

Complexity of Sham Acupuncture

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):713-713. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.3782

Placing Acupuncture in Perspective—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):713-714. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.242

Placing Acupuncture in Perspective

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):713-714. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.3785
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