Fu and colleagues assess the effect of a proactive, population-based tobacco cessation care model on use of evidence-based tobacco cessation treatments and on population-level smoking cessation rates.
Geller et al describe the US burden, rates, and characteristics of emergency department visits and emergency hospitalizations for insulin-related hypoglycemia and errors. See also the invited commentary by Lee.
Lamontagne and colleagues describe the frequency, anatomical location, risk factors, management, and consequences of nonleg deep venous thromboses in a large cohort of medical-surgical critically ill adults. Maynard provides an Invited Commentary.
Winkelmayer et al determine the trends in anemia treatment received by Medicare beneficiaries approaching end-stage renal disease. Coyne provides an Invited Commentary.
Del Fiol et al systematically review studies that examined the questions that clinicians raise in the context of patient care decision making. See also the invited commentary by Carnahan.
Meyer et al evaluate human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) treatment outcomes throughout incarceration, including jail and prison. Puisis provides an Invited Commentary on the progress of HIV care in prisons.
Reimers et al examine whether survival benefit associated with low-dose aspirin use after a diagnosis of colorectal cancer might depend on HLA class I antigen expression. Neugut provides an invited commentary.
Hussey et al measure the association between care continuity, costs, and rates of hospitalizations, emergency department visits, and complications for Medicare beneficiaries with chronic disease. See the invited commentary by Chen and Ayanian.
Klompas et al evaluate the impact of routine oral care with chlorhexidine gluconate on patient-centered outcomes in patients undergoing mechanical ventilation. Bonten provides an Invited Commentary.
This article from the Writing Group for the AREDS2 Research Group determines if supplementing the diet with long-chain ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids or with macular xanthophylls results in a reduced rate of cardiovascular disease. Rizos and Ntzani provide an Invited Commentary.
Cheng et al conduct a meta-analysis to separately evaluate the effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers on all-cause mortality, cardiovascular deaths, and major cardiovascular events in patients with diabetes mellitus.
Elliott et al examine the association between hospitalist workload and the efficiency and quality of inpatient care. See the invited commentary by Wachter.
Baumblatt and coauthors assess the contribution of certain opioid-prescribing patterns to the risk of overdose death.