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November 2016 - January 1908

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Issue

August 1, 2014, Vol 174, No. 8, Pages 1209-1419

In This Issue of JAMA Internal Medicine

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1209-1211. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.10665
Viewpoint

The Food and Drug Administration’s Role in Promoting Consistent Labels for Generic Drugs

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1213-1214. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.2705

The Meaning of Brain DeathA Different View

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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1215-1216. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.2272

The Role of Copy-and-Paste in the Hospital Electronic Health Record

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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1217-1218. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.2110
Perspective

Antibiotic Overuse and Clostridium difficileA Teachable Moment

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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1219-1220. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.2299

Balancing the Benefits and Risks of Empirical Antibiotics for SinusitisA Teachable Moment

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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1221-1222. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.2124

Evidence-Based Evaluation for Allergies to Avoid Inappropriate Testing, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1223-1224. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.1413

Waiting for Words

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1225-1226. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.1098
Original Investigation

Effect of Patients’ Risks and Preferences on Health Gains With Plasma Glucose Level Lowering in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1227-1234. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.2894

Vijan et al examine how treatment burden affects the benefits of intensive vs moderate glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Comparative Effectiveness of a Multifaceted Intervention to Improve Adherence to Annual Colorectal Cancer Screening in Community Health CentersA Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1235-1241. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.2352

Baker and colleagues set out to determine whether a multifaceted intervention increases adherence to annual fecal occult blood testing compared with usual care. In their Invited Commentary, Green and Coronado further explore the topic of increased testing adherence among priority populations.

Benefits and Risks of Anticoagulation Resumption Following Traumatic Brain Injury

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1244-1251. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.2534

Albrecht et al estimate the risk of thrombotic and hemorrhagic events associated with warfarin therapy resumption following traumatic brain injury.

Systolic Blood Pressure Levels Among Adults With Hypertension and Incident Cardiovascular EventsThe Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1252-1261. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.2482

Rodriguez and colleagues examine the risk of incident cardiovascular events among participants with hypertension according to systolic blood pressure levels of 140 mm Hg or higher or 120 to 139 mm Hg relative to an SBP lower than 120 mm Hg. In his Invited Commentary, James expands on the importance of delivering the right care to the right patients.

Statins and Physical Activity in Older MenThe Osteoporotic Fractures in Men Study

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1263-1270. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.2266

Lee and colleagues determine whether statin use is associated with physical activity, longitudinally and cross-sectionally. Golomb provides and Invited Commentary.

Survival and Functional Outcomes After Hip Fracture Among Nursing Home Residents

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1273-1280. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.2362

Neuman et al describe patterns and predictors of mortality and functional decline in activities of daily living (ADLs) among nursing home residents after hip fracture. Ko and Morrison provide an Invited Commentary.

Association of Marketing Interactions With Medical Trainees’ Knowledge About Evidence-Based PrescribingResults From a National Survey

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1283-1290. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.2202

Austad and colleagues set out to determine whether there is an association between medical trainees’ interactions with pharmaceutical promotion and their preferences in medication use. Ross elucidates in the Editor’s Note.

Patient Engagement During Medical Visits and Smoking Cessation Counseling

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1291-1298. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.2170

Cunningham examines whether patients with high levels of engagement during medical encounters are more likely to receive advice and counseling about smoking compared with less engaged patients.

5α-Reductase Inhibitors and Risk of High-Grade or Lethal Prostate Cancer

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1301-1307. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.1600

Preston and colleagues determine the association between 5α-reductase inhibitor use and development of high-grade or lethal prostate cancer.

The Political Polarization of Physicians in the United StatesAn Analysis of Campaign Contributions to Federal Elections, 1991 Through 2012

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1308-1317. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.2105

Bonica et al analyze physicians’ campaign contributions from 1991 through 2012 to Republican and Democratic candidates in presidential and congressional races and to partisan organizations, including party committees and super political action committees.

Preoperative β-Blocker Use in Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting SurgeryNational Database Analysis

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1320-1327. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.2356

Brinkman et al determine whether preoperative β-blocker use within 24 hours of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery is associated with reduced perioperative mortality in a contemporary sample of patients. See also the Invited Commentary by Shahian.

Genotype-Guided vs Clinical Dosing of Warfarin and Its AnaloguesMeta-analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1330-1338. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.2368

Stergiopoulos and Brown compare genotype-guided initial dosing of warfarin and its analogues with clinical dosing protocols. See also the Invited Commentary by Kazi and Hlatky.

Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in WomenUS Food and Drug Administration Meta-analysis of Patient-Level Data

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1340-1348. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.2717

Zusterzeel and colleagues evaluate whether women with left bundle branch block benefit from cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillators at a shorter QRS duration than men. In their Invited Commentary, Merz and Regitz-Zagrosek further explore the case for sex-specific interventions.

Implementation of the Patient-Centered Medical Home in the Veterans Health AdministrationAssociations With Patient Satisfaction, Quality of Care, Staff Burnout, and Hospital and Emergency Department Use

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1350-1358. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.2488

Nelson et al create an index that measures the extent of patient-centered medical home implementation, describe variation in implementation, and examine the association between the implementation index and key outcomes. See also the invited commentary by Baron.

Long-term Survival in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Interventions With or Without Intracoronary Pressure Wire Guidance or Intracoronary Ultrasonographic ImagingA Large Cohort Study

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1360-1366. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.1595

Fröhlich et al determine the effect on long-term survival of using fractional flow reserve and intravascular US during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). They performed a cohort study based on the pan-London (United Kingdom) PCI registry. The primary end point was all-cause mortality at a median of 3.3 years. See the Invited Commentary by Malhotra.

Buprenorphine Treatment for Hospitalized, Opioid-Dependent PatientsA Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1369-1376. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.2556

Liebschutz and coauthors examine buprenorphine administration during medical hospitalization and linkage to office-based treatment.

Case Report/Case Series

Hypertrabeculation vs Left Ventricular Noncompaction on EchocardiogramA Reason to Restrict Athletic Participation?

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1379-1382. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.1066

Peritz et al report a case of an asymptomatic college athlete whose potential diagnosis of left ventricular noncompaction was first discovered on a preparticipation physical examination.

  • Editor's Note
    Late Reply
Invited Commentary

“BeneFITs” to Increase Colorectal Cancer Screening in Priority Populations

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1242-1243. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.730

Let’s Prioritize the Right Care for the Right Patients With Hypertension

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1261-1262. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.1000

Statins and ActivityProceed With Caution

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1270-1272. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.14543

Hip FractureA Trigger for Palliative Care in Vulnerable Older Adults

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1281-1282. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.999

Engaging Patients and Clinicians in Treating Tobacco Addiction

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1299-1300. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.729

Physicians and Politics

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1318-1319. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.509

Preoperative β-Blockade in Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1328-1329. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.155

Warfarin, Genes, and the (Health Care) Environment

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1338-1339. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.1227

The Case for Sex- and Gender-Specific Medicine

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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1348-1349. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.320

Not All (Medical) Homes Are Built AlikeSome Work Better Than Others

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1358-1359. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.2497

The Whole Truth About Coronary StentsThe Elephant in the Room

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1367-1368. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.9190

Improving Care for Hospitalized, Opioid-Dependent PatientsA Promising Start

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1377-1378. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.728

Pain and Opioids in the MilitaryWe Must Do Better

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1402-1403. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.2114
Editor's Note

Restricting Interactions With Industry to Promote Evidence-Based Prescribing

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1290. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.1862

On Board With the Choosing Wisely Campaign

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1396. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.757
Special Communication

Health and Safety Issues for Travelers Attending the World Cup and Summer Olympic and Paralympic Games in Brazil, 2014 to 2016

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1383-1390. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.2227

Gaines and colleagues highlight health and safety concerns for people traveling to these events in Brazil so that health care practitioners can better prepare travelers before they travel and more effectively diagnose and treat travelers after they return.

Choosing Wisely in AnesthesiologyThe Gap Between Evidence and Practice

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1391-1395. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.2309

Onuoha et al develop a “top-five” list of unnecessary medical services in anesthesiology by undertaking a multistep survey of anesthesiologists, most of whom were in academic practice, and a consequent iterative process with the committees of the American Society of Anesthesiologists.

Research Letter

Prevalence and Characteristics of Systolic Blood Pressure Thresholds in Individuals 60 Years or Older

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1397-1400. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.2492

Chronic Pain and Opioid Use in US Soldiers After Combat Deployment

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1400-1401. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.2726

Effects of Ranolazine on Quality of Life Among Patients With Diabetes Mellitus and Stable Angina

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1403-1405. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.2120

Decreased Red Blood Cell Use and Mortality in Hospitalized Patients

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1405-1407. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.2889

The Portrait of an Adult Liver Transplant Recipient in the United States From 1987 to 2013

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1407-1409. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.2903

Variation in Inpatient Costs of Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Among Transplant Centers in the United States

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1409-1412. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.2302
Comment & Response

What Is a “Nonprofit” Hospital?—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1412. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.804

What Is a “Nonprofit” Hospital?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1412. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.807

Improving Evidence-Based Practices Through Health Literacy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1413. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.847

Improving Evidence-Based Practices Through Health Literacy—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1413-1414. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.846

Drug Treatment of Obesity

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1414. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.1640

Drug Treatment of Obesity

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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1414-1415. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.1646

Drug Treatment of Obesity—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1415-1416. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.1635

Real-World Evidence About Potential Psychosocial Harms of Lung Cancer Screening

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1416. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.1643

Real-World Evidence About Potential Psychosocial Harms of Lung Cancer Screening—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1416-1417. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.1636

In Defense of Screening for Breast Cancer With Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1417. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.810

In Defense of Screening for Breast Cancer With Magnetic Resonance Imaging—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1417-1418. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.803

Patient Satisfaction as a Quality Metric Promotes Bad Medicine

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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1418-1419. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.1624

Patient Satisfaction as a Quality Metric Promotes Bad Medicine—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1419. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.1594
Correction

Incorrect Follow-up Period

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1419. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.3393

Error in Text

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1419. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.3503

Omitted Funding Source and Data Error

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1419. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.3669
JAMA Internal Medicine Masthead

JAMA Internal Medicine

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1212. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.10666
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