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February 2015, Vol 175, No. 2, Pages 153-318

In This Issue of JAMA Internal Medicine

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):153. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.5049
Viewpoint

Ensuring Access to Health Care for Patients With Disabilities

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):157-158. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6740

Screening and Surveillance for Barrett Esophagus

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):159-160. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6983
Perspective

False-Positive Test Results in a Patient With Severe HepatitisA Teachable Moment—The Risk of Treating the Numbers

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):161-162. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6686

Less Is More

A Urinary Catheter Left in Place for Slightly Too LongA Teachable Moment

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):163. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6583

Why I’m Opting out of Mammography

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):164-165. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6394

Unintended InfluenceWhen Our Words Mean More Than We Think

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):166-167. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6408
Editorial

The Ongoing Debate of Who to Treat for Chronic Hepatitis C Virus

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):169-170. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.4299
Original Investigation

Statin Therapy and Risk of FractureResults From the JUPITER Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):171-177. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6388

This randomized clinical trial found that among men and women with elevated high-sensitivity C-reactive protein levels enrolled in a large trial of rosuvastatin therapy for cardiovascular disease, statin therapy did not reduce the risk of fracture.

Liver Fibrosis Progression in Hepatitis C Virus Infection After Seroconversion

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):178-185. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6502

In this secondary data analysis, Butt et al found that HCV+ persons have a more rapid progression of liver fibrosis and accelerated time to development compared with HCV− controls.

Tramadol Use and the Risk of Hospitalization for Hypoglycemia in Patients With Noncancer Pain

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):186-193. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6512

This nested case-control analysis found that the initiation of tramadol therapy for noncancer pain is associated with an increased risk of hypoglycemia requiring hospitalization.

Less Is More

Outcomes After Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Treated by Basic vs Advanced Life Support

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):196-204. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.5420

This observational cohort study demonstrates that patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest who received basic life support had higher survival at hospital discharge and 90 days compared with those who received advanced life support and were less likely to have poor neurological functioning.

Fibrinolysis Use Among Patients Requiring Interhospital Transfer for ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction CareA Report From the US National Cardiovascular Data Registry

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):207-215. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6573

This US data registry study finds that neither fibrinolysis nor primary percutaneous coronary intervention is being optimally used to achieve guideline-recommended reperfusion targets in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. See the Invited Commentary by Claeys.

Proactive Tobacco Cessation Outreach to Smokers of Low Socioeconomic StatusA Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):218-226. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6674

This randomized clinical trial evaluates a proactive tobacco cessation program that addresses sociocontextual mediators of tobacco use for low-socioeconomic-status smokers.

Association of Radiation Dose With Prevalence of Thyroid Nodules Among Atomic Bomb Survivors Exposed in Childhood (2007-2011)

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):228-236. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6692

This survey study documents radiation effects on thyroid nodules in atomic bomb survivors 62 to 66 years after their exposure in childhood

Less Is More

Mortality and Treatment Patterns Among Patients Hospitalized With Acute Cardiovascular Conditions During Dates of National Cardiology Meetings

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):237-244. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6781

High-risk patients with heart failure and cardiac arrest hospitalized in teaching hospitals had lower 30-day mortality when admitted during dates of national cardiology meetings. High-risk patients with acute myocardial infarction admitted to teaching hospitals during meetings were less likely to receive percutaneous coronary intervention , without any mortality effect.

Less Is More

Changes in Glomerular Kidney Function Among HIV-1Uninfected Men and Women Receiving EmtricitabineTenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate Preexposure ProphylaxisA Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):246-254. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6786

This randomized placebo-controlled trial finds that preexposure prophylaxis with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate in HIV-1–negative adults was not accompanied by a substantial increase in clinically relevant eGFR decline.

Material Need Insecurities, Control of Diabetes Mellitus, and Use of Health Care ResourcesResults of the Measuring Economic Insecurity in Diabetes Study

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):257-265. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6888

This cross-sectional study finds that material need insecurities were common among patients with diabetes mellitus and had varying but generally adverse associations with control of diabetes mellitus and the use of health care resources.

Increasing Varenicline Dose in Smokers Who Do Not Respond to the Standard DosageA Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):266-271. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6916

This double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial finds that increasing varenicline dose in smokers with low response to the drug had no significant effect on tobacco withdrawal symptoms or smoking cessation. See the Invited Commentary by Rigotti.

Invited Commentary

Less Is More

Shared Decision-MakingEasy to Evoke, Challenging to Implement

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):167-168. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.4606

Tramadol and HypoglycemiaOne More Thing to Worry About

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):194-195. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.5260

Evidence in Support of a Back-to-Basics Approach in Out-of-Hospital Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation vs "Advanced" Treatment

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):205-206. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6590

Is Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Still the Superior Reperfusion Strategy?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):216-217. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6586

Proactive Outreach Strategies to Connect Smokers With Tobacco Cessation Treatment

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):226-227. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.5291

Preexposure ProphylaxisA Path Forward

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):255-256. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6798

Improving the Success of Treating Tobacco Smokers

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):272-273. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6921

Less Is More

Patient Perception of Benefits and HarmsThe Achilles Heel of High-Value Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):287-288. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6744

Post–Acute CareWho Belongs Where?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):296-297. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.4298
Editor's Note

Cardiac Patient Outcomes During National Cardiology Meetings

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):245. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6801

Confronting Bias

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):307. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6933

We Can See the (Risks of UV) Light

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):311-312. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6703
Review

Less Is More

Patients’ Expectations of the Benefits and Harms of Treatments, Screening, and TestsA Systematic Review

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):274-286. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6016

This systematic review finds that most patients overestimate the benefits and underestimate the harms of screening, tests, and treatments.

Research Letter

A Simple Intervention to Improve Hospital Flow From Emergency Department to Inpatient Units

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):289-290. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6689

Website Ratings of Physicians and Their Quality of Care

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):291-293. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6291

Geographic Accessibility to Clinical Trials for Advanced Cancer in the United States

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):293-295. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6300

Rise of Post–Acute Care Facilities as a Discharge Destination of US Hospitalizations

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):295-296. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6383

Service Intensity and Physician IncomeConclusions From Medicare's Physician Data Release

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):297-299. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6397

Trends in Predicted Risk for Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Using the Pooled Cohort Risk Equations Among US Adults From 1999 to 2012

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):299-302. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6403

Prescription Drug AbuseA National Survey of Primary Care Physicians

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):302-304. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6520

Association of Cardiovascular Trial Registration With Positive Study FindingsEpidemiological Study of Randomized Trials (ESORT)

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):304-307. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6924

Feeling Old vs Being OldAssociations Between Self-perceived Age and Mortality

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):307-309. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6580

Indoor Tanning–Related Injuries Treated in a National Sample of US Hospital Emergency Departments

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):309-311. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6697
Comment & Response

Headaches and Neuroimaging

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):312. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.7008

Headaches and Neuroimaging

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):312-313. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.7011

Headaches and Neuroimaging—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):313-314. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.7014

The Value of Pharmacogenetic Testing

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):314. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.7017

The Value of Pharmacogenetic Testing—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):314-315. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.7023

Less Is More

Inappropriate Drug Use in Advanced Dementia

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):315. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.7026

Less Is More

Inappropriate Drug Use in Advanced Dementia—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):315-316. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.7029

Oral Hygiene With Chlorhexidine in Critically Ill Patients—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):316-317. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.7020

Oral Hygiene With Chlorhexidine in Critically Ill Patients

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):316. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.7174

Current Practices for Lung Cancer ScreeningToo Slow or Too Fast?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):317. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6965

Current Practices for Lung Cancer Screening—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):317-318. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6988
JAMA Internal Medicine Masthead

JAMA Internal Medicine

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):156. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.5050
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