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As acute management of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) has improved, more patients survive ICH but are left with significant deficits. In the past, primary evaluations of outcomes after ICH have focused on mortality1 and levels of functional dependence,2 with a relatively modest number of patients experiencing true functional independence after ICH or returning to their previous level of functioning. Cognitive outcomes after ICH have thus not been a primary focus of either treatment or natural history studies of ICH, despite their known importance after ischemic stroke3 and their importance in predicting return to previous functioning.4
Gottesman RF. Dementia After Intracerebral Hemorrhage. JAMA Neurol. 2016;73(8):916-917. doi:10.1001/jamaneurol.2016.1538