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October 1960

Myasthenia Gravis in a Southern Community

Author Affiliations

Bethesda, Md.; Charleston, S.C.; Bethesda, Md.

Arch Neurol. 1960;3(4):399-403. doi:10.1001/archneur.1960.00450040049006

Epidemiologically oriented studies of myasthenia gravis in well-defined populations can provide useful data on racial susceptibility, sex preponderance, and geographic distribution. Also, the influence of environmental and genetic factors in etiology may be clarified. Information based on analysis of the experience of special clinics or interested physicians is not necessarily representative of the population as a whole and has little comparative value.

A study was conducted in Charleston County, S.C., during 1957 and 1958, in which information about myasthenia gravis was collected from hospitals, clinics, practitioners, and records of vital statistics. These data are felt to provide a reasonably accurate approximation of the occurrence of myasthenia gravis in this southern community.

Description of the Community  Charleston County is a subtropical seaboard community with a population in January, 1956, estimated at 188,000, half of which is Negro. The medical school and hospital facilities in the city of Charleston have made this

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