• D1-dopamine receptors and their high-agonist affinity (RH) sites were determined in postmortem-obtained frontal cortex from seven patients with histopathologically confirmed Alzheimer's disease and from seven controls matched for sex, age, and postmortem delay. Total D1-dopamine receptor concentration was unchanged in patients with Alzheimer's disease compared with controls, but the RH sites were significantly reduced in number. Since the RH sites are thought to represent a conformational change of the receptors, induced by the interaction of agonist-bound receptor with a signal transduction protein located in the cell membrane, the reduced ratio of RH sites to total receptors suggests a functional alteration of cortical cell membranes in Alzheimer's disease. Such a cell membrane abnormality might explain why substitution therapy in Alzheimer's disease has been largely disappointing.
De Keyser J, Ebinger G, Vauquelin G. D1-Dopamine Receptor Abnormality in Frontal Cortex Points to a Functional Alteration of Cortical Cell Membranes in Alzheimer's Disease. Arch Neurol. 1990;47(7):761-763. doi:10.1001/archneur.1990.00530070055011