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History of Neurology: Neurology was there
February 1999

Neurology Was There in 1948

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Neurology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine, Madison.



Arch Neurol. 1999;56(2):247-248. doi:10.1001/archneur.56.2.247

The year 1948 was marked by major political changes, nationally and internationally. In the scientific arena, technological advances reserved for military operations in World War II extended to the general population and health care. In medical organizations, a general movement toward open membership, greater representation, and less elitism emerged. Neurology was there.

In 1948, the division between the Communist and Western worlds grew even sharper. That brief moment of camaraderie in 1945 at the Elbe when the Soviet and Allied forces met had long since passed. The Iron Curtain was sharply drawn. The Marshall Plan to revitalize the war-torn nations of Western Europe went into effect in April. In June, the West German state was formed from the American, French, and British sectors. The city of Berlin surrounded by the Soviet sector was similarly divided. The Berlin Wall and the Berlin blockade followed. In the Far East on August 15, 1948, the South Korean Republic was proclaimed, and 3 weeks later, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) was established. The stage was set for the Korean War 2 years later. Israel declared its independence in the face of almost certain war with its Arab neighbors.

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