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JAMA Ophthalmology Clinical Challenge
October 2016

A Special Case of Horner Syndrome

Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1193-1194. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.1654

A man aged 51 years was admitted to the internal medicine service with a recent history of left-sided hemibody paresthesia, dysphagia, and ataxia. He also reported a single episode of binocular diplopia that lasted for 1 day and resolved spontaneously. Otherwise, his medical history was unremarkable.

On physical examination, there was mild right-sided ptosis and miosis. Pain and temperature sensation were not evaluated. After instilling 10% topical cocaine eyedrops, the right pupil did not change its size whereas the left pupil dilated by 2 mm, supporting a diagnosis of right-sided Horner syndrome. With the exception of delayed initiation of saccades, extraocular motility was full, and there was no nystagmus.

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