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November 2001

Ocular InjuriesIs It Possible to Further Limit the Occurrence Rate?

Arch Ophthalmol. 2001;119(11):1712-1713. doi:10.1001/archopht.119.11.1712

IN THIS ISSUE OF THE ARCHIVES, Andreotti et al1 present a retrospective study describing the nature and incidence of ocular injuries occurring in military personnel. Incidence rates were based on hospitalizations and ambulatory visits for eye injuries. Approximately 1% of military personnel were treated for ocular injury in 1998 (the year of the study). While this study may slightly underestimate the true incidence of ocular injury, this figure seems to support previous estimates of ocular trauma in the United States, where it has been suggested that there are approximately 2.5 million ocular injuries (approximately 1% of the general population) occurring each year. Orbital floor fractures, contusions, and open wounds to the adnexa accounted for most hospital admissions. Most ambulatory visits were for superficial wounds. Not surprisingly, males had twice the incidence of injuries as females, and injuries were much more common in less educated, young individuals. While less serious injuries were related to occupation, most of the more serious ocular injuries occurred in motor vehicle accidents and fights, oftentimes not directly related to military duty.

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