ROY W.BECKMD, PhD
To evaluate dorzolamide hydrochloride in patients younger than 6 years who have an elevated intraocular pressure or glaucoma.
A 3-month, controlled, randomized, double-masked, multicenter, clinical trial. Patients were randomized to 2% dorzolamide 3 times daily or timolol maleate gel-forming solution (0.25% for patients <2 years and 0.5% for patients ≥2 but <6 years) once daily plus placebo twice daily. If the intraocular pressure was not controlled through monotherapy, younger patients received concomitant dorzolamide 3 times daily and 0.25% timolol gel-forming solution once daily and older patients received a fixed combination of 2% dorzolamide and 0.5% timolol twice daily. The primary safety variable was the proportion of patients who discontinued therapy for a drug-related adverse experience. Intraocular pressure reduction was a secondary measure.
One younger patient (1.8%) of 56 randomized to dorzolamide discontinued concomitant therapy because of bradycardia. Two older patients (3.0%) of 6. discontinued dorzolamide because of ocular adverse experiences. The most frequent ocular adverse experiences were discharge and ocular hyperemia (younger cohort. and ocular hyperemia and burning/stinging (older cohort). At week 12, the mean change in intraocular pressure for dorzolamide was statistically significant from baseline (−7.3 mm Hg [−20.6%] and −7.1 mm Hg [−23.3%]) in the younger and older cohorts, respectively; P<.00. for both.
Dorzolamide was generally well tolerated and demonstrated efficacy for up to 3 months in patients younger than 6 years.
Ott EZ, Mills MD, Arango S, Getson AJ, Assaid CA, Adamsons IA, Pediatric Dorzolamide Study Group. A Randomized Trial Assessing Dorzolamide in Patients With Glaucoma Who Are Younger Than 6 Years. Arch Ophthalmol. 2005;123(9):1177-1186. doi:10.1001/archopht.123.9.1177