Chronic disease in ophthalmology is commonly perceived to be a burden of adults, and particularly of senior citizens. Diseases such as macular degeneration, cataract, glaucoma, diabetic eye changes, and the like consume the time, attention, and resources of most of ophthalmology. Yet there are substantial burdens of chronic eye disease in children as well, where the working definition of “chronic” denotes present for a long (even life) time. The most common of these are those resulting from amblyopia and strabismus. Other potentially blinding diseases in children—cataract, glaucoma, uveitis, retinal disease and detachment, and neurological deficits—are relatively uncommon, despite their devastating consequences. It is now possible to analyze the personal, medical, and financial burdens of these chronic eye diseases in children.
Beauchamp GR. Chronic Amblyopia and Strabismus in Children. Arch Ophthalmol. 2007;125(6):821-822. doi:10.1001/archopht.125.6.821