Chemical burns of the eye are of frequent occurrence. Cowan and Sinclair1 in their recent review of blindness in Pennsylvania found that blindness was more often due to chemical burns than to detached retina. Detached retina has received much attention, while the study of chemical burns of the eye has been neglected.
In this paper I desire to discuss briefly the emergency treatment of burns of the eye caused by soluble acid and alkali and to present new experimental studies.
In advising treatment of caustic burns experimental work must be considered of paramount importance. The factors, such as (a) the time that has elapsed before initial treatment, (b) the amount of the caustic causing the burn, (c) the type of the caustic, (d) the strength of the caustic and (e) the type of treatment, are so variable that one cannot outline the proper treatment from clinical observation alone.
HUBBARD WB. TREATMENT OF CAUSTIC BURNS OF THE EYE. Arch Ophthalmol. 1937;18(2):263–266. doi:10.1001/archopht.1937.00850080087008