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Article
March 1944

MENINGOCOCCIC CONJUNCTIVITIS

Author Affiliations

MEDICAL CORPS, ARMY OF THE UNITED STATES; SANITARY CORPS, ARMY OF THE UNITED STATES
From the Station Hospital, Miami Beach Training Base Army Air Forces Technical Training Command, Miami Beach, Fla.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1944;31(3):245-247. doi:10.1001/archopht.1944.00890030075010
Abstract

The purpose of this communication is to call attention to the frequency of meningococcic conjunctivitis during periods in which the incidence of meningococcemia and of meningococcic meningitis is high and to emphasize the importance of routine bacteriologic examination of the conjunctival discharge in all cases of acute catarrhal conjunctivitis encountered, particularly at such times. The cases described in this report occurred during a period in which both clinically and on the basis of laboratory investigations it was apparent that such conditions existed. Neisseria intracellularis may occasionally be recovered from the normal conjunctiva of carriers, as well as from the nasopharynx.1 The occasional occurrence of meningococcic conjunctivitis in the course of the first, or "carrier," stage of cerebrospinal fever is well known.2 Sometimes the infection of the conjunctiva appears to be endogenous, occurring simultaneously with bacteremia.3 Here, too, the organism may be recovered from the conjunctiva. In such

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