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The reproach of materialism, so often brought against this so-called machine age, might be countered by citing some of its aims and achievements, idealistically inspired perhaps, yet definitely beneficial and useful. One of these is the progressive interest and activity in measures for community welfare in all its aspects, especially health, and in the active part to be taken by medicine.
While more than a little of this helpful tendency was manifest well before the flowering—if not the infancy—of industrialism, it has become at once wider and more intensive, pari passu, with mass production, mechanical inventions and their implications for living conditions. This has been reflected and, one might add, definitely aided by medical teaching and planning, to meet a growing demand for knowledge of the problems of social and industrial health and disease, as well as the practical details for their solution.
American ophthalmology has become aware of
Fridenberg P. Industrial Ophthalmology.. Arch Ophthalmol. 1944;31(6):564. doi:10.1001/archopht.1944.00890060136015