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Article
July 1944

KERATECTOMIES FOR TREATMENT OF CORNEAL OPACITIES

Author Affiliations

NEW YORK
From the Institute of Ophthalmology, ColumbiaPresbyterian Medical Center.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1944;32(1):11-22. doi:10.1001/archopht.1944.00890070029002
Abstract

The surgical treatment of corneal opacities has been in use for over two centuries. Boury,1 in 1743; Plenck,2 in 1783; Bertrandi,3 in 1798; Wenzel,4 in 1808 ; Demours,5 in 1821 ; Rosas,6 in 1830; Carron du Villards,7 in 1838; Chelius,8 in 1839; Cappelletti,9 in 1844, and Desmarres,10 in 1847, spoke of scarifications and abrasions of the cornea. Small, nonperforating punctures made with a knife or needles in the cornea in order to provoke inflammatory processes tending to clear up the opacities were advocated by Ware,11 in 1795 ; by Holchers,12 in 1842, and by Himley,13 in 1843. Riveri,14 in 1836, advocated paracentesis of the anterior chamber to improve the vision of eyes with corneal opacities, especially those with abundant vascularization.

Another surgical procedure used to improve vision in eyes affected with corneal opacities consists in the excision of the

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