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Article
March 1947

BUPHTHALMOS IN A SIX MONTH PREMATURE INFANT

Author Affiliations

NEW YORK
From the Laboratories and Ophthalmological Division of the Mount Sinai Hospital.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1947;37(3):318-323. doi:10.1001/archopht.1947.00890220328008
Abstract

INFANTILE glaucoma, or buphthalmos, has been discovered occasionally in newborn infants at term.1 The present case is of special interest because it affords an opportunity to study congenital glaucoma in microscopic section at an earlier stage than has hitherto been possible. On section, it was found to belong to the small group of cases of buphthalmos characterized by absence of Schlemm's canal, complete anterior iris synechias and very shallow or no anterior chamber. These anatomic features were striking in comparison with the deep anterior chamber and hydrophthalmos more commonly found in cases of congenital glaucoma.

REPORT OF A CASE 

History.  —The circumstances in which the globes of the 6 month premature infant were obtained were interesting. During the spontaneous birth of the infant the cornea of the right eye ruptured. On examination two hours later, the left eye was observed to be stony hard and the cornea milky white,

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