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May 1947

Optical Transplantation of the Cornea and Tissue Therapy.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1947;37(5):698-700. doi:10.1001/archopht.1947.00890220715018

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This book by the distinguished Russian pioneer in corneal transplantation is a summary of his previous work on corneal transplantation and tissue therapy. It is divided into two parts : (1) corneal transplantation and (2) tissue therapy.

In the first part he discusses the history of keratoplasty, the classification of corneal transplantation according to the therapeutic requirements, the condition of the leukoma and the indications for and the technic of partial penetrating corneal transplantation. The Filatov-Marzinkowsky trephine is described, with illustration, and its advantages are evaluated. A special spatula connected with Filatov's trephine prevents the injury of the lens and prolapse of the vitreous. The complications (of which the most frequent is glaucoma in the postoperative period) and the material for corneal transplantation are discussed in another chapter. Filatov has been using material from the cadaver, the eye being enucleated two to twelve hours after death and preserved at a temperature

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