THE TERM choroideremia has been used to describe an apparent absence ophthalmoscopically of the entire choroid except in the macular region. Since the first description, in 1872, by Mauthner,1 31 cases of a condition described as choroideremia have been published in the literature. These were cited by Nettleship,2 Wolf3 and Parker and Fralick.4 In 1937 Bedell5 gave an excellent summary of each of the then published cases which he considered instances of choroideremia in the broader sense; the description of these cases does not need to be repeated here. He added 5 cases of his own. Six years earlier, in a discussion on Parker and Fralick's paper, he suggested that choroideremia may appear in more than one form. Since that time Friedman6 (1940), Scobee7 (1943), Shapira and Sitney8 (1943) and Magder9 (1945) have reported cases.
Friedman's6 case was that of
ESTERMAN B. CHOROIDEREMIAReport of a Case. Arch Ophthalmol. 1947;37(6):716-721. doi:10.1001/archopht.1947.00890220734002