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October 1947

Transactions of the Ophthalmological Society of Australia (British Medical Association).

Arch Ophthalmol. 1947;38(4):574-576. doi:10.1001/archopht.1947.00900010587017

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In this volume are reported the proceedings of the fifth general meeting of the Ophthalmological Society of Australia, held in 1945. The opening address was delivered by the president, N. McAlister Gregg.

In a lengthy, but well arranged, paper (which takes up about one third of the volume) C. G. McDonald discusses diseases of the arteries and their relation to the eye. He suggests that the word "arteriosclerosis" should be abandoned, as it is too general a term. He believes that when the subintimal layer of an artery is diseased "atheroma" is the term to be employed. This condition is rarely detected in retinal vessels but may coexist with "essential hypertension" (hypertensive vascular disease). The latter is the dominant disease of arteries. McDonald divides this disease into three stages: (1) functional vascular hypertonus; (2) vascular and visceral reactions—cardiac hypertrophy, medial hypertrophy of small vessels and diffuse hyperplastic sclerosis of visceral

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