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December 1947

SELENIUM BURN OF THE EYEReport of a Case, with Review of the Literature

Author Affiliations


Arch Ophthalmol. 1947;38(6):806-811. doi:10.1001/archopht.1947.00900010825006

SELENIUM and its compounds are used extensively in the arts and in industry, but relatively little has been reported in this new field.

The element selenium was discovered by Berzelius in 1817; it is intimately related to sulfur, arsenic and tellurium and shares many of their physical and chemical properties. In addition to the element itself, some of the commonly used compounds are: hydrogen selenide; sodium selenide; selenium dioxide; selenium oxychloride; selenious acid and its salts sodium and potassium selenite, and selenic acid and its salt sodium selenate.

The compounds of selenium are used in the manufacture of ruby glass, as well as in decolorizing glass. They find a place in the production of pigments for paint and ink and in coloring plastics. In metallurgy, they are used in the manufacture of stainless steel and copper alloys. They are also used extensively in the rubber industry, in fireproofing of electric

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