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Article
March 1948

LIGAMENT OF LOCKWOOD IN RELATION TO SURGERY OF THE INFERIOR OBLIQUE AND INFERIOR RECTUS MUSCLES

Author Affiliations

MINNEAPOLIS

Arch Ophthalmol. 1948;39(3):371-382. doi:10.1001/archopht.1948.00900020378011
Abstract

AN ANATOMIC study of the suspensory ligament of the eye, (ligament of Lockwood) based on a series of dissections, is presented. Certain phases of the anatomic structure of the ligament which seem to be of importance in the management of abnormalities of the inferior oblique and inferior rectus muscles are presented.

The suspensory ligament, as described by Lockwood, consists of a blending of the sheaths of the inferior oblique and inferior rectus muscles to form a special thickening of the fascial structure. The lateral expansion of this sheath extends upward laterally and medially to join the sheaths of the lateral and medial rectus muscles, thereby gaining indirect attachment to the orbital margin. There is thus formed a continuous band about 0.1 inch (0.25 mm.) thick beneath the globe, which supports it like a hammock.

Generally speaking, the ligament is thought of as a ``suspensory hammock" which functions as a support

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