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Article
April 1949

CATARACT IN DYSTROPHIA MYOTONICA

Author Affiliations

READING, PA.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1949;41(4):450-459. doi:10.1001/archopht.1949.00900040460007
Abstract

DYSTROPHIA myotonica was first described as a clinical entity in 1909 by Batten and Gibb1 and by Steinert.2 They reported cases in which the myotonia of Thomsen's disease (myotonia congenita) was combined with a rather characteristic atrophy of certain muscle groups, notably the facial muscles. Greenfield,3 in 1911, presented cases of presenile cataract in certain members of a large family, some of whom had dystrophia myotonica. In 1912 Curschmann4 described several extramuscular signs, such as cataract, testicular atrophy, baldness and loss of weight, occurring in the syndrome of dystrophia myotonica. He expressed the belief that these signs were as important as the myotonia and the atrophy. Fleischer,4a in 1918, demonstrated that dystrophia myotonica is a heredofamilial disease, and he asserted that the disease is always found to be familial if the investigation is thorough enough. Since the publications of these investigators, many cases of dystrophia

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