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Article
June 1949

SUPPOSED TORSION OF THE EYE AROUND THE VISUAL AXIS IN OBLIQUE DIRECTIONS OF GAZE

Author Affiliations

MEXICO, D. F., MEXICO

Arch Ophthalmol. 1949;41(6):704-717. doi:10.1001/archopht.1949.00900040723005
Abstract

THE ERRORS committed by great men are usually in direct proportion to their greatness. This has happened in the matter to be discussed here. From correct observations they have drawn wrong conclusions. I shall reconstruct this confused chapter in physiologic optics and ocular motility, using, in addition to the experiments of others, those of my own. This work had its origin in some questions about ocular torsion which were put to me by Dr. Joseph I. Pascal at our meeting in Mexico in August 1947. Frankly, I could not answer them satisfactorily, nor did we get much enlightenment when we consulted together the classic works of von Helmholtz,1 Tscherning,2 Giraud-Teulon,3 and Le Conte,4 the most recent works of Ives Le Grand,5 and other publications. On parting, I promised Dr. Pascal to get to the bottom of this matter and the results of my investigations are

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