THE SYNDROME called migraine has long held the attention and interest not only of internists and neurologists, but also of ophthalmologists because of the close association of ocular signs and symptoms with this disease. Solutions of the etiology, pathology and treatment of this condition are yet far from reality, and especially is this true of many of the strange, bizarre ophthalmologic side effects which occur. Recent acquisitions to knowledge regarding ocular involvement in this disease may be better evaluated if preceded by a review of the salient points of the disease itself.
The word "migraine" is derived from Galen's [unk][unk][unk][unk][unk][unk][unk][unk][unk], becoming "hemicrania," later migranea; "migraine" itself is of French origin. This descriptive term should be reserved for a special type of headache whose features include, according to Kinnier Wilson, "periodic recurrence of violent, usually unilateral head pain preceded by auras, in the shape of visual malfunction, usually so-called teichopsia
DONAHUE HC. MIGRAINE AND ITS OCULAR MANIFESTATIONS. Arch Ophthalmol. 1950;43(1):96-141. doi:10.1001/archopht.1950.00910010101008