THE FIRST to present in this country photographs of the eyeground taken with the improved Nordenson photographic ophthalmoscope was von der Heydt,1 in 1926. Only a few years later, photography of the fundus in its natural colors was introduced by Wessely and Wertheimer.2 Even though these early prints, taken with only two filters, were far from faultless, it was soon recognized that color photographs of the eyeground can be of great aid in the diagnosis of pathologic changes in the retina and choroid.3 The technic of color photography of the fundus was greatly improved when films with three layers, using the three primary colors, became available4 and it was no longer necessary to depend on coarse-grained plates and a set of filters.
While various types of equipment have been employed for color photography of the external eye,5 as well as of the anterior segment,6
TOWER P. COLOR PHOTOGRAPHY OF THE EYEGROUNDReport of an Improved Technic. Arch Ophthalmol. 1950;43(6):1074-1079. doi:10.1001/archopht.1950.00910011091010