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Article
August 1950

OCULAR FINDINGS IN THE NEWBORN INFANTA Preliminary Report

Author Affiliations

Statistician, American Heart Association NEW YORK
From the Departments of Ophthalmology, Pediatrics and Obstetrics, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons; the Institute of Ophthalmology; Babies Hospital, and Sloane Hospital for Women.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1950;44(2):236-242. doi:10.1001/archopht.1950.00910020243005
Abstract

RECENTLY Babies Hospital, of the Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, has undertaken a comprehensive program of study in the field of diseases of infants associated with birth. This study will extend over a period of years. Working with the staff of the Babies Hospital are members of various departments of the medical specialties. The purpose of this paper is to consider the incidence of ocular disease in the newborn infant, with special emphasis on the study of the ocular fundus.

In the course of this study we were surprised to find that the incidence of retinal hemorrhage following birth was 2.6 per cent. This is in conflict with most reports in the literature of the past few years. Thus, Vancea1 saw retinal hemorrhages in 50 per cent of his cases, and McKeown2 reported an incidence of 42.1 per cent. Wille3 observed retinal hemorrhages in 42.4 per cent, and Falls

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