FOR THE most part, techniques used in ophthalmic surgery have been constantly improved over the past 20 years. But surgical draping has not kept pace—procedures and materials for draping have remained practically unchanged during the entire period.
Every ophthalmologist is fully aware of the problem presented in draping the orbital area: Because of the contour around the eye, difficulty is encountered in bringing the edge of the sterile field in close proximity to the operative site and in maintaining the sterile field in a fixed position during the surgical procedure. In an attempt at a solution, towel clips have been used to secure the drapes to the patient's skin. This, in turn, has further limited the already restricted area in which the surgeon must work. This problem of positive demarcation and fixation of the operative sites is not exclusively one of ophthalmic surgery. It is common to all surgery.
GERSPACHER TS, FOWLER HD, ROLF DE. NEW PLASTIC SURGICAL DRAPES. AMA Arch Ophthalmol. 1951;45(6):673-677. doi:10.1001/archopht.1951.01700010688009