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July 1951


AMA Arch Ophthalmol. 1951;46(1):73-93. doi:10.1001/archopht.1951.01700020078010

THIS review attempts to cover the literature on strabismus for the year 1950. Some articles are included which appeared prior to 1950 but did not come to the reviewer's attention until 1950. A few papers were not available in the original. Where this is the case, the source of reference is cited.

ETIOLOGY AND SYMPTOMATOLOGY  In view of the significance which is generally attributed to refractive errors in the causation of strabismus, a comparison of the refraction of strabismic eyes with that of nonstrabismic eyes is of importance. E. V. L. Brown1 has made such a comparison, covering the period from birth to the 25th yr. on a year-by-year basis. His material consisted of 1,000 strabismic and 1,500 nonstrabismic eyes. The former presumably represent cases of convergent strabismus. Brown reached the following conclusions: The amount of hyperopia present in strabismic eyes in excess of that in the nonstrabismic eyes

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