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Article
February 1953

COMPARISON OF LOCAL AND SYSTEMIC EXPOSURES IN PRODUCTION OF RADIATION CATARACT

Author Affiliations

With the Technical Assistance of J. R. Thomson OAK RIDGE, TENN.
From the Division of Biology, Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

AMA Arch Ophthalmol. 1953;49(2):164-167. doi:10.1001/archopht.1953.00920020169005
Abstract

IT IS WELL known that cataract may result from exposure to ionizing radiations,1 but the pathogenesis of the lesion is not fully understood. Since opacification of the lens is also produced by a variety of chemical, metabolic and endocrine disorders,2 the biochemical disturbances resulting from whole-body irradiation3 might be expected to contribute to cataractogenic effects. Were the lens injured indirectly in this way, the threshold cataract-inducing dose of radiation would depend in part upon the degree of general body damage, or upon the total volume of tissue irradiated. Likewise, some measure of protection against cataract formation might be afforded by shielding a part of the body or an organ, such as the spleen, which protects against other types of irradiation-induced injuries.

Because of current interest in the problem of radiation-induced cataract, experiments were undertaken to answer these questions. Groups of mice were given graded doses of x-radiation,

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