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Article
November 1953

RELATION OF OCULAR DOMINANCE, HANDEDNESS, AND THE CONTROLLING EYE IN BINOCULAR VISION

Author Affiliations

PHILADELPHIA

AMA Arch Ophthalmol. 1953;50(5):603-608. doi:10.1001/archopht.1953.00920030613007
Abstract

TWO PAPERS published in 1938 marked the inception of this investigation. One,1 by us, dealt with visual handicaps and reading difficulties. We mentioned that a relation between crossed dominance and reading disability seemed to exist but needed further investigation. The other,2 by Walter Fink, summarized and presented for the special consideration of ophthalmologists the existing knowledge of ocular dominance and crossed dominance. He began his investigation convinced that the solution of any problems arising from crossed dominance lay in the field of psychological research; he reached the conclusion that the problem most probably could, and would, be solved by ophthalmologists, and he asked for continued diligent research in this field.

For those ophthalmologists to whom it is new, the problem is here briefly stated. Among the children of normal intelligence who meet difficulty in learning to read is a group with a characteristic pattern. It begins in early

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