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March 1955

Refraction and Body-Growth.

AMA Arch Ophthalmol. 1955;53(3):460-461. doi:10.1001/archopht.1955.00930010462025

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This monograph contains many literary gems of research from Claude Bernard and others, discussions of elementary statistical methods, and some data on myopia. The history of studies on myopia is briefly reviewed. It is agreed that myopia of less than -3.00 D. is merely a statistical variation of hereditary factors, such as corneal curvature, lens power, and axial length of the globe. Myopia of more than -6.00 D. should be considered separately because of a high incidence of degenerative changes.

There will be conflict with Pendse from those who believe that the rate of increase of myopia in children is to any degree affected by nutrition, near work, posture, and convergence. Pendse measured the myopia under atropine cycloplegia of the following children: 590 Brahmins, 618 Chitpavans, and 645 Untouchables. The genetic lines are certainly different. The first two groups are well schooled, and the last group receives no schooling; yet

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