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With the development of the air base at Thule, a group of approximately 300 polar Eskimos have been brought into contact with civilization, an association which previously had been totally denied them because of the difficulties of travel. It was the aim of this study to record as many observations as possible from this population before contact with the outside world changed them. While this monograph deals with observations and measurements on the general anatomy of the Eskimo, special interest has been devoted to the ophthalmological sections, which deal with the measurements of the exterior of the eye and with refraction. Up until now, information concerning the Eskimo has been almost completely lacking. This study will be of value to those whose ophthalmological interests cross those of the anthropologist.
Anthropological and Ophthalmological Studies on the Angmagssalik Eskimos.. AMA Arch Ophthalmol. 1955;53(5):763. doi:10.1001/archopht.1955.00930010771027