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September 1956

Retinal Vasculitis with Intraocular HemorrhageClassification and Results of Special Studies

Author Affiliations

San Francisco
From the Department of Ophthalmology and the Francis I. Proctor Foundation for Research in Ophthalmology, University of California School of Medicine. This work was supported by Mrs. E. S. Heller.

AMA Arch Ophthalmol. 1956;56(3):361-374. doi:10.1001/archopht.1956.00930040369005

Retinal vasculitis with intraocular hemorrhage may be defined as a series of related entities which affect the eyes of young persons, principally males. The principal form of this disease was first discussed adequately by Eales1 and is characterized by spontaneous hemorrhages into the retina and vitreous which vary in severity. Roughly one-half of the cases of this type are thought to be bilateral. Gradual clearing of the hemorrhages may be followed by repeated relapses with subsequent retinitis proliferans, retinal detachment, cataract, and absolute glaucoma. Spontaneous subsidence of the disease after two to four years with varying modifications of vision may occur. Some association of the ocular disease with pulmonary or extrapulmonary tuberculosis has been observed in many of the cases reported in the older literature.

Examination of patients having the primary type of this disease usually shows disease of the peripheral retinal veins. There is sheathing of the vessels

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