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September 1956

Reading Glasses for Patients with Very Poor Vision

Author Affiliations

New York
From lectures by Dr. Kestenbaum on "Reading Glasses for Patients with Poor Vision" before the American Academy of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology, New York, Sept. 22 and 23, 1954, and Chicago, Oct. 10 and 11, 1955.

AMA Arch Ophthalmol. 1956;56(3):451-470. doi:10.1001/archopht.1956.00930040459013

Table of Contents 

  • Introduction

    1. Kinds of Devices

    2. Magnifying Eyeglasses

      • Near Vision vs. Far Vision

      • Computation of Required Reading Glass

        • Reciprocal of Vision (RV)

        • Computation for Reading Jaeger 1

        • Computation for Reading Other Texts

        • Tabulation of Common Reading Glasses

        • Reading Glass and Accommodation

        • Reading Glass and Refraction

        • Choice of Reading Text

      • Microglasses and Related Glasses (for vision of less than 20/200)

        • Microglasses

          1. Computation of Glass

          2. Position of Reading Text

          3. Sizes of Microglasses

          4. Advantages and Disadvantages of Microglasses

          5. Types of Microglasses

        • Other Kinds of Magnifying Eyeglasses

    3. Magnifying Lens (Loupe) and Telescopic Loupe

      1. Magnification by a Loupe

      2. Calculation of Required Strength

      3. Restriction of Field by Microglass and by a Loupe

      4. Telescopic Loupe

    4. Practical Management in Various Degrees of Amblyopia

      1. Slight Degree (Down to 20/50)

      2. Moderate Degree (20/60 to 20/200)

      3. Severe Degree (less than 20/200)

    5. Brief Report of Cases

  • Summary

  • Appendix ( Calculations)

    1. Magnification by a Loupe

    2. Required Position of the Reading Text

    3. Restriction of

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