There has been a recent fad in women's dress which has produced a resurgent demand for stiff billowing skirts and petticoats. Relatively heavy and coarse-meshed plastic material, called bouffant, has been employed by garment manufacturers to attain the desired shapes. The plastic material has a tendency to flake when cut or bent. The flakes fly into the atmosphere and not infrequently alight upon the cornea, where they may induce a low-grade keratitis. Experience with over 75 of these cases is described below.
Bouffant (modified nylon) is a stiff plastic material which flakes into octagonal or hexagonal thin crystals about 0.5 to 1 mm. in diameter when it is sheared. The organic constituents seem to be inert as far as chemical irritation to the eye is concerned. No changes of a chemical type have been observed, such as have been described in instances of artificial silk keratitis.1 All of
DUANE TD. Superficial Keratitis Due to Plastic Foreign Bodies. AMA Arch Ophthalmol. 1959;61(1):141-143. doi:10.1001/archopht.1959.00940090143021