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December 1960

Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease with Primary Optic AtrophyReport of a Case

Author Affiliations

San Francisco
From the Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurological Surgery, University of California School of Medicine, San Francisco 22.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1960;64(6):925-928. doi:10.1001/archopht.1960.01840010927014

Primary optic atrophy rarely occurs with progressive peroneal muscular atrophy (Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease). A comprehensive review of these unusual cases was published in 1956 by Brihaye, Nenquin-Klaassen, and Bertholet,1 who found 23 reported cases, 5 of which they considered questionable because insufficient clinical detail was given. In 1889 Vizioli2 recorded the cases of a father and his son, both of whom suffered progressive visual loss associated with progressive muscular atrophy of the Charcot-Marie type. This report was the first of its kind and appeared only three years after the original report by Charcot and Marie3 (1886) on the progressive muscular disease which now bears their name. The report in 1916 by Krauss4 of a single case is the only such report in the ophthalmic literature. Up to 1937, all cases recorded were from Central Europe until Schneider and Abeles5 reported on two brothers living in New

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