Hereditary nonprogressive deep corneal dystrophy is a relatively rare disease involving only Descemet's membrane and the endothelium of the cornea. It is not progressive with age. The disease appears to be on a hereditary basis and is more severe in the succeeding generations.
Three related cases of this disease were first reported in the American literature by Theodore1 in 1939. In 1953, McGee and Falls2 published a review of the literature and 3 of their own case reports. The most recent report in the American literature was in 1958 by Snell and Irwin3 who reported a kindred of 7 cases.
Report of Two Cases
The patient, a 19-year-old, white enlisted man in the U.S. Army, was referred to the ophthalmology service of Walter Reed General Hospital because of the inability to correct the visual acuity of either of his eyes to better than 20/40. The patient had
KWEDAR EW. Hereditary Nonprogressive Deep Corneal Dystrophy. Arch Ophthalmol. 1961;65(1):127-129. doi:10.1001/archopht.1961.01840020129021