"The science which deals with the structure, function, and diseases of the eye and of the visual system is ophthalmology, a branch of medicine... the expression 'diagnosis and treatment by any means other than the use of drugs and surgery'... fails to define a discipline separate from medicine," points out the report of the A.M.A. Subcommittee to Study the Relation of Medicine to Optometry,* approved by the House of Delegates, June 29, 1961. In adopting the reference committee's report, with no dissenting vote, the House of Delegates stated the essence of the problem.
The branches of medical practice represent the special application of the general body of medical knowledge to a particular area, and in addition, the application of a special body of knowledge. The clinical branches of medicine are not mutually exclusive, but overlap. None can be practiced in isolation. All are interrelated. All have a single objective—the provision
Rycherner RO. "No Different Principle . . .". Arch Ophthalmol. 1962;67(1):1-3. doi:10.1001/archopht.1962.00960020003001