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Much of our knowledge of the central representation of vision is due to the classic studies of gunshot wounds carried out during the first World War by Holmes, Lister, and Riddoch in England, Marie and Chatelin in France, and Poppelreuter in Germany. The authors of the present monograph explore the possibility that a reappraisal of injuries with modern tests might contribute further to our knowledge of localization of vision in the brain. Their material consisted of a group of 46 men with field defects resulting from injuries incurred more than 5 years prior to the present study (chiefly in World War II and the Korean War) and another group of unstated number with gunshot injuries received less than 1 year prior to the study. Their methods consisted of standard and flicker perimetry, measurements of acuity, color perception, dark adaptation, recognition of tachistoscopically presented forms, recognition of hidden figures, and perception
Visual Field Defects After Penetrating Missile Wounds of the Brain.. Arch Ophthalmol. 1962;67(1):111-112. doi:10.1001/archopht.1962.00960020113017