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April 1962

The "Ophthalmologische Bibliothek"First Ophthalmological Journal

Author Affiliations

Los Angeles

Arch Ophthalmol. 1962;67(4):399-405. doi:10.1001/archopht.1962.00960020401004

Ophthalmology is indebted to the investigators of the late 18th and early 19th centuries for identification of some of the basic anatomical landmarks and discovery of the characteristic features of a number of eye diseases. Verification of the exact position of the crystalline lens, for instance, led to a more differentiated classification of cataracts, to the development of newer methods of cataract surgery, and ultimately to decisive improvements in the surgical technique of lens extraction. A better understanding of visual defects and glaucoma, enthusiastic reports on the creation of an artificial pupil and the use of iridectomy—devised by Joseph Beer, but not reported until 1805—are other achievements of that era. Thus the rapid pace of ophthalmological progress brought about the need for a periodical devoted solely to advances in the field of ophthalmology. As the volume of ophthalmological knowledge increased, the call for such a specialized publication became ever

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